WEDNESDAY, Could 5, 2021 (HealthDay Information) — Almost one in 4 American teenagers has suffered not less than one concussion, in response to new analysis.
And although extra teenagers are self-reporting sports-related concussions, visits to the emergency room for these traumatic head injuries fell between 2012 and 2018.
“One purpose that might clarify why adolescents who take part in sports activities noticed a rise in self-reported concussion could possibly be resulting from larger consciousness of a majority of these accidents,” mentioned research creator Philip Veliz. He’s an assistant analysis professor on the College of Michigan College of Nursing, in Ann Arbor.
For the research, his workforce checked out practically 53,000 college students in grades 8, 10 and 12, and located that self-reported concussions rose between 2016 and 2020. Particularly, in 2016, 19.5% of teenagers mentioned they’d skilled not less than one concussion; by 2020 that quantity had risen to 24.6%, the findings confirmed.
“Self-reported concussions could possibly be growing on condition that each kids and oldsters have larger information with respect to those accidents,” Veliz mentioned. “We have now seen a larger effort within the U.S. to teach the inhabitants concerning the dangers related to head accidents, and will have larger information with respect to signs related to a majority of these accidents.”
Self-reported concussion, nonetheless, didn’t improve throughout all teams. There was no improve, for example, amongst teenagers who didn’t take part in sports activities.
Veliz mentioned these new findings don’t contradict research based mostly on emergency division information which have reported a decline in a majority of these accidents.
“Extra adolescents could also be looking for look after these accidents, together with care from well being professionals exterior the emergency division who’ve applicable prognosis and administration expertise,” Veliz defined.
The U.S. Facilities for Illness Management and Prevention describes a concussion as a sort of mind damage that occurs when a blow to the pinnacle or physique causes the pinnacle and mind to maneuver quickly forwards and backwards, inflicting modifications within the mind.
Whereas they will not be life-threatening, concussions can nonetheless be severe. Signs could embody a headache, neck pain, nausea, ringing in the ears, dizziness or tiredness. Extra severe signs embody convulsions or seizures, an incapability to get up and lack of consciousness, in response to the U.S. Nationwide Library of Medication.
Main sports activities organizations, together with these governing youth sports activities in the USA, have taken steps to scale back concussion danger lately.
Veliz mentioned it can be crucial, with the rise in studies of juvenile concussions, for the general public to concentrate on these accidents and the perfect methods to stop and deal with them.
“Concussions seem like a standard damage amongst adolescents. Roughly one in 4 have indicated this sort of damage,” Veliz mentioned. “Continued efforts to teach the inhabitants on each the danger and administration of those accidents ought to nonetheless stay a precedence because it pertains to adolescent well being.”
Dr. Teresa Murray Amato, head of emergency medication at Lengthy Island Jewish Forest Hills in New York Metropolis, reviewed the findings. She mentioned extra consciousness of concussion amongst teen athletes is essential for maintaining wholesome.
“It’s unclear if the precise variety of concussions are growing or if elevated schooling and consciousness of what concussion symptoms are results in elevated self-reporting,” Amato mentioned.
She famous that many college districts are educating college students and oldsters in regards to the hazard of not reporting signs.
“As we study extra about long-term negative effects of childhood concussions, it is very important monitor each will increase within the variety of concussions in addition to self-reporting,” Amato mentioned.
Reporting concussions could result in growth of how to maintain athletes in tip-top form, she added.
“Elevated self-reporting might also assist public well being officers and faculty officers create safeguards to maintain scholar athletes as wholesome as attainable whereas partaking in organized sports activities which may be at a excessive danger of concussions,” Amato mentioned.
The findings had been revealed Could 4 within the Journal of the American Medical Affiliation.
The researchers confused that continued efforts to watch and stop concussion are wanted. One limitation of the research was use of self-reported measures of concussion, they famous.
To study extra about concussion, go to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
SOURCES: Philip Veliz, PhD, assistant analysis professor, College of Michigan College of Nursing, Ann Arbor; Teresa Murray Amato, MD, chairwoman, emergency medication, Lengthy Island Jewish Forest Hills, New York Metropolis; Journal of the American Medical Affiliation, Could 4, 2021