JERUSALEM — Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu of Israel pleaded not guilty on Monday in his trial on bribery, fraud and breach of belief prices, a case that has dominated Israel’s political life and sparked a debate concerning the state of Israeli democracy and the nation’s authorized system. It has additionally contributed to a cut up in Mr. Netanyahu’s personal political get together and will outline the buildup to subsequent month’s basic election — Israel’s fourth in two years.

Listed here are particulars concerning the prices and their context.

The police investigations that led to Mr. Netanyahu’s trial started in 2016, and the police formally recommended he be prosecuted in February 2018. He was indicted in November 2019 and the trial itself began in Might 2020 — however has since been delayed a number of instances by coronavirus restrictions.

The trial combines three separate instances, often known as Instances 1000, 2000 and 4000. Mr. Netanyahu has been cleared of involvement in a fourth case, Case 3000, which considerations the federal government’s procurement of German-made submarines.

The indictment accuses Mr. Netanyahu of accepting almost $300,000 in items, together with cigars and Champagne, from 2007 to 2016 from two businessmen: the Hollywood producer Arnon Milchan and the Australian billionaire James Packer.

In return, prosecutors say, the prime minister acted on Mr. Milchan’s behalf, together with by pressuring the finance ministry to double the length of a tax exemption for expatriate Israelis like Mr. Milchan after they return to the nation from overseas.

The indictment alleges that Mr. Netanyahu additionally lobbied the American authorities to assist Mr. Milchan renew his American visa, and assisted with a merger deal involving a tv channel owned partly by Mr. Milchan.

There isn’t a accusation that Mr. Packer obtained something in return for his items.

Like Mr. Netanyahu, Mr. Milchan and Mr. Packer deny wrongdoing, and the 2 males should not on trial. Mr. Netanyahu’s spouse, Sara, can also be mentioned to have obtained items, however just isn’t a defendant within the trial.

Mr. Netanyahu is alleged to have mentioned a quid professional quo association in 2014 with Arnon Mozes, the writer of Yediot Aharonot, one among Israel’s main newspapers.

Beneath the deal as described within the prices, Mr. Netanyahu was meant to obtain supportive protection from the paper. In trade, Mr. Netanyahu is accused of agreeing to contemplate enacting laws that might curb the energy of Israel Hayom, a rival newspaper that was owned by Sheldon Adelson, a supporter of Mr. Netanyahu. However Mr. Netanyahu just isn’t accused of following by way of on that promise.

Mr. Mozes, additionally on trial, denies wrongdoing.

From 2012 to 2017, Shaul Elovitch, a telecom mogul, and his spouse, Iris, are accused of granting favors to Mr. Netanyahu and his household within the hope that Mr. Netanyahu wouldn’t impede the Elovitches’ enterprise pursuits.

Particularly, Mr. Elovitch is alleged to have repeatedly allowed Mr. Netanyahu and his household to form the protection of his information web site, Walla. In return, Mr. Elovitch hoped the prime minister would do nothing to disrupt his varied enterprise pursuits, together with permitting the sleek passage of a posh merger between the telecom firm he previously owned, Bezeq, and his satellite tv for pc tv supplier, Sure.

The Elovitches are additionally on trial and deny wrongdoing.

Mr. Netanyahu just isn’t legally obliged to step down. Although different authorities ministers should resign if charged, prime ministers can stay in workplace till they’re convicted.

When one among Mr. Netanyahu’s predecessors, Ehud Olmert, was accused of corruption in 2008, Mr. Netanyahu helped immediate Mr. Olmert’s resignation, arguing that Mr. Olmert can be too distracted to do his job correctly.

However a decade later, Mr. Netanyahu has refused to observe his personal recommendation, changing into the primary Israeli chief to face trial whereas nonetheless in workplace.

He says he’ll go away workplace solely by way of the poll field, arguing that the costs towards him are trumped up, and fostered by unelected bureaucrats looking for to drive him out of workplace towards the desire of the citizens.

If convicted, Mr. Netanyahu might be sentenced to a number of years in jail — however the judges won’t attain a verdict for months, and even years. The trial has already been delayed a number of instances by coronavirus restrictions, and even as soon as the pandemic subsides, the court docket won’t meet on daily basis.

Judges are at present contemplating a request from Mr. Netanyahu’s legal professionals to delay the listening to of prosecution witnesses till after the election.

Many analysts don’t anticipate the trial to considerably have an effect on voting patterns within the election. The allegations towards Mr. Netanyahu have been part of public discourse for therefore lengthy that many Israelis shaped fastened opinions about them even earlier than the trial started.

The trial has nonetheless prompted a cut up in Mr. Netanyahu’s get together, Likud.

Considered one of his former allies, Gideon Saar, has shaped his personal breakaway group, New Hope, and seeks to draw Likud voters who’ve grown uncomfortable with Mr. Netanyahu’s private habits. However Mr. Saar trails Mr. Netanyahu within the polls, and seems to be consuming into the vote shares of different anti-Netanyahu events, making it tougher for Mr. Saar to kind a governing coalition.

David Halbfinger and Gabby Sobelman contributed reporting.